Annotated Bibliography

Primary Sources

Gruenewald, Mary Matsuda. Looking like the Enemy: My Story of Imprisonment in 
    Japanese-American Internment Camps.
Troutdale, Or.: NewSage, 2005. Print.

This book, written by Mary Gruenewald, was a first hand account of the Japanese internment during WWII. It let me basically live during that time,                            which really helped me get some insight into what the Japanese really went through, how badly they were treated, and how little diplomacy the U.S. showed.

Inada, Lawson Fusao. Only What We Could Carry: the Japanese American Internment 
Berkeley, CA: Heyday, 2000. Print.

This book was a first hand account of the internment. It also included many pictures that the author took, and also many unanalyzed documents that     the author acquired. The documents and the pictures helped show the immense lack of diplomacy that the U.S. showed through out the war, basically acting as Nazis. 

Gruenewald, Mary M. "Japanese Internment First Hand." Personal interview. 30 Jan.

This interview was on of the most helpful sources I had. This interview with the author of Looking like the Enemy helped me get more of a connection with the topic, and also helped me understand more. Hearing it in person from someone who didn’t just know from research, but actually experienced it was a huge help to me.

Stanley, Jerry. I Am an American: a True Story of Japanese Internment. New York: 
    Crown, 1994. Print.

This book, though it was not very helpful, was another first hand account of the event. This was a very short book, so it was more of a story, but it still helped quite a bit compared to many secondary sources.

Weglyn, Michi. Years of Infamy: The Untold Story of America's Concentration Camps
    New York: Morrow, 1976. Print.

This was by far the best source. A man who experienced internment himself also wrote this book. He went and talked to many of the guards at the camp he was in, and combined with his own opinions, wrote this book on things he learned while interned.


Secondary Sources

George Mason University. ""Evacuation Was a Mistake: Anger at Being Interned."
History Matters: The U.S. Survey Course on the Web. Web. 16 Feb. 2011.

This website, created by George Mason University, was a big help. It was a big quote from a Japanese man that was interned. He went on about how he was a loyal U.S. citizen, the mindset of many of the people interned, and it basically showed how undiplomatic the United States was the whole time.

George Mason University. "Executive Order 9066: The President Authorizes Japanese           
History Matters: The U.S. Survey Course on the Web. Web. 16 Feb.
2011. <>.

This was a website created by George Mason University. This was a copy of the speech that former president FDR gave just before the interment. It really showed the racism that was present in this time towards Asian Americans, and really showed why the U.S. was so undiplomatic towards the Japanese Americans,

George Mason University. "Korematsu v. United States: The U.S. Supreme Court
Upholds Internment."
History Matters: The U.S. Survey Course on the Web. Web.
16 Feb. 2011. <>.

This website, created by George Mason University, explained the case of Korematsu v. United States this case was basically the epitome of the Japanese feelings. This case played a big role in showing how undiplomatic the U.S. was about internment.

George Mason University. "Milton Eisenhower Justifies the Internment of Japanese
" History Matters: The U.S. Survey Course on the Web. Web. 16 Feb.
2011. <>.

This was yet another website. It was also created by George Mason University. It was a quote taken from Milton Eisenhower, justifying the interment of Japanese Americans.  It was another document that showed how racist the United States was towards these people at the time.

"Children of the Camps | HEALTH IMPACT." PBS: Public Broadcasting Service.
PBS, 1999. Web. 1712 Feb. 2011. <>.

How the Japanese children were affected mentally and physically because of the time they spent at the camp.

Ikida, Tom. "Japanese Interment." Densho. 2001. Web.

Causes why the Japanese were sent to Internment Camps. How many Japanese-American were sent there.

University of Washington. "Japanese In Seattle Area."
Round up to Camp. University of
Washington. Web. <>.

How they rounded up and where they put the Japanese-American in the Seattle area.